The Revision: The term “unpredictable way” of Dr Benjamin Zephaniah is beautifully coined on prose-poems book “Azure” – and Asim Kumar Paul, the author of, “AZURE” explains it with LITERARY SPACE in the light of TOPOLOGY OF MATHEMATICS and DERRIDA’S DECONSTRUCTION THEORY

I have faced many questions from some of my friends, regarding how my book “Azure” represents poetry or prose poetry.

In this respect there is one example:

I have nothing to say on words “prose-poem book, “Azure” did not amuse me since I am short of wit…” AND “I have thoroughly missed to sense nerves” of Mr Barin Ghosal, vide his letter dated 02.12.2010. I think a literal intake into metaphorical text and a metaphorical intake into literal text can give birth of emotional mechanism of amusement. I want to say that bodily sensed nerves have to carry forward thinking of beyond form and pattern, thus we get serious work like test tube babies. But The comments of Dr Benjamin Zephaniah on Azure in August, 2010 immediately opens my mind that is in the field of poetry writing when I first receive it and I am trying to find something about poetry writing since then, and it comes to mind again at the very moment when I receive letter of Mr Ghosal on 21.12.2010. I just write my iteration without intending any return.

Let X be a non-empty set of sentences or couplets (a unit of verse) or dialogues, etc
Let T = topology = a structure called poetry or prose or speech, imposed upon the text-set X
Then character of set X and T is a topological space i.e. here literary space, taking special care of properties.
And topology T on X is a collection of subsets of sentences or couplets or dialogues, as an open set, such that
A. The empty set i.e. non-sentences or non-couplets or non-dialogue set and entire space are open sets
B. If A is a collection of open sets of meaning, then ∪ A is an open set (∪ A= union of set A)
C. If B is a finite collection of open sets of communication, then ∩B intersection of B is an open set

To clarify intersection of B of communication, people around reading a text goes through a complex phenomenon that lies and involves within a set of all these items like: thinking and pattern, form and postulates, body and mind, formula and formation, rules and cultural background, etc.

In my first view it comes to my mind that I think poetry is like poset (a partially ordered set is a binary relation “<=” over a set P) of topology of Mathematics i.e.
For all attributes A, attributes B and attributes C in P we have that
1. Attributes A <=Attributes A ( reflexivity property)
2. If attributes A <= attributes B and attributes B <= attributes A, then Attributes A = Attributes B(anti-symmetry property)
3. If attributes A <= attributes B and attributes B <=attributes C, then attributes A<=attributes C (transitivity property),
There come numerous set theorems, variations, multiple applications, that I read 40 years ago in college level.
Deconstruction of Jacques Derrida argues, as I feel, texts meaning communicates to a reader how he encounters it. It can be interpreted as contributing attribute A over attribute B can also be applicable to attribute B or contributing attribute B’s subset status can engulf A in an unpredictable way. Dependency of attribute A upon attributes B either in anti-symmetric property, (2) above; or in transitive property in a special way of attribute C, (3) above. All of these are new achievements of relationship of attribute A and attribute B, which in turn creates another deconstruction.

The world is moving first in an unexpected way since 1989. Anyone can be an enemy, but anyone cannot be a friend. Attribute A of friendship largely dependent on attribute B of benefits or attribute B of benefits can engulf attribute A of friendship. Dependence of attribute A upon attribute B is actually special class of attribute B. Attribute C of withdrawal is also an architecture which may come in an unexpected way. In the context privileges, boundaries, etc. are filters of bounded or unbounded poset P, which I call poetry, and poset P comes from society that cannot use any convention in a particular way, and in this way, we make technical terms and numerous rules. Besides branches like law, designing, photography, ontological treatment, etc. literary texts are one kind in that: “I always speak about friendship. I cannot live in silence, and I want to be a friend, but I cannot promise to be a friend, yet I remain as friend, besides being dissident in certain point, I proceed to be a friend. Once I forget to be a friend. I want to make friends with half friends who are living in this horizon and also with other half living in other horizon living in the dark, as the sun and the earth have some obligations to draw day and night dividing rims upon the visible contour of both horizons. Sometime it comes to mind that prescribes making friendship is the way of unbecoming a friend. I want to live beyond that prescription.” lies in an unbounded poset P, in that friendship is meant here to be made with anyone in the society, even with nature. This text may be treated as poetry or as prose depending on how the reader encounters it, and here lays happiness or pleasure in reading a text; and to speak about friendship, an example, I cannot depend only on metaphorical discourse, and some literal discourse I feel it necessary in attributes of meaning, attributes of communicating, and in my present book I use a plot or plots in metaphorical or literal possible meaning and promises of our existence. My prose poem book, AZURE, is in that direction of prose poetry, that any reader can discover the interpretations without meaning that the writer possibly intended to interpret, and my attempt is praised by Dr Benjamin Zephaniah just going through the original manuscript.

Thus the text of Mr Barin Ghosal’s letter dated 2.12.2010 is itself a criticism or reviews on poetry book AZURE, in the light of deconstruction of Derrida, because any reader can discover the interpretations of his letter, not taking letter writer’s possible interpretation.

Letter dated 02.05.2007 of Dr. Benjamin Zephaniah

Thus letter dated 31.01.2008 of Mr Barin Ghosal may come under purview of property (1) above, i.e. known attributes A of poetry <= propriety attributes A of “January, 2006 Winter Shade to His Liking”
Comments of Dr. Benjamin Zephaniah have already been printed on blurb of the poetry book, January, 2006, Winter Shade to His Liking (2007).

Letter dated 02.08.2010 of Dr. Benjamin Zephaniah

Thus letter dated 02.12.2010 of Mr Barin Ghosal may come under purview of property (2) and (3) above.
Known attributes A of poetry ≠ propriety attributes A of AZURE. This happens due to insertion of texts into new contexts producing new understanding that whole texts are partly different from and partly similar to known attributes A of poetry. May be they are the new contexts – (a) attributes B of meaning and (b) attributes C of communicating. Perhaps here lies Derrida’s aphorism.

In the second instance, Dr Benjamin Zephaniah is right to say “unpredictable way”, which I think is beautifully coined, mentioned in his letter dated 2.8.10 sent to me, and printed on the blurb of my poetry book, AZURE.

My little knowledge has tried to answer to them all.

Asim Kumar Paul


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  • Samir  On March 8, 2011 at 9:13 am

    great thoughts. first time I’m reading something on Derrida in such a different light.


  • asimkrpaul  On March 8, 2011 at 9:25 am

    Thanks, Samir, for your today’s comments.
    Best wishes,
    Asim Kumar Paul

  • Henry York  On March 12, 2012 at 8:51 am

    Yes Asim:

    Highly uncompromising vision of Poetry, and the intellectual nuances it vibrates; I’d have to read more extensively, to become seriously involved but it seems to make incredible reading The ‘crux,’ I agree, stems from physical formatting of works, and the imagery it post-hypnotically conveys on sight. Prose writing is definitely poetry, when defined word by word rather than: part, semi, or wholly competed works. my personal opinion of course.

    Henry York

  • Asim Kumar Paul  On March 12, 2012 at 9:38 am

    Thanks dear friend, Henry York, for your valuable comments.

    Asim Kumar Paul

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